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This is one word that you are most likely to hear when anybody talks about having trouble in conceiving naturally. IVF is actually one of the methods of Assisted Reproduction Technique (ART) along with other methods like IUI.

What is IVF?

IVF is an abbreviation which stands for In-Vitro Fertilisation. In-Vitro means ‘in glass’ which refers to the glass dishes used inside the laboratory.

Who should opt for IVF?

Not every case of infertility can be helped with IVF. It is only recommended in the following cases.

  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility
  • Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids
  • Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed
  • Individuals with a genetic disorder
  • Unexplained infertility
  • How does it work?

    IVF in general consists of 5 steps which are mentioned and explained below.

    Under normal conditions, a woman produces only one egg per ovulation cycle. But, for the process of IVF, Fertility Medicines are given to produce more eggs because some eggs may not develop or fertilise after retrieval. Our experts will conduct intra-vaginal ultrasound scan to examine the ovaries. Blood samples are collected to check for hormone levels in the patient’s blood.
    Your doctor will retrieve the eggs through a minor surgical procedure which uses ultrasound imaging to guide a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity to remove the eggs. Patients are provided with medication to reduce and remove any potential discomfort.
    The male partner is asked to provide a sample of his sperms which are washed in the laboratory and prepared for the procedure.
    This is the essential part of IVF process which happens in the Embryology lab. Sperm and Eggs are mixed together and stored under appropriate conditions for the fertilisation to take place. The eggs are monitored to confirm that fertilisation and cell division is taking place. Once this happens, the eggs are considered embryos.
    This is the fifth and the final step in the procedure. The embryos are usually transferred into the woman’s uterus three to five days after the egg retrieval and fertilization. A catheter or small tube is inserted into the uterus to transfer the embryos. This procedure is painless for most women, although some may experience mild cramping. If the procedure is successful, implantation typically occurs around six to ten days following egg retrieval.

    Does IVF have any side effects?

    INFO need from Doctors at ESJAY Craft