Infertility is a biological condition in which a person is unable to contribute to conception. It may also refer to the condition of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full-term or a man who is unable to contribute to the process of conception. Men and women in extensive numbers are facing the situation. This is touted as a global phenomenon and is a major concern for couples all over the world.
Normally a healthy woman's menstrual cycle lasts an average period of 28-30 days. An ovum needs to be regularly released each month from the ovary, a process that can only proceed if a complicated cascade of hormonal events takes place without interference. This ovum is then picked up by Fimbria, a finger like organ located at the end of the fallopian tube where it can be fertilized by a sperm and then reach the womb. A healthy egg usually lasts for 12 to 24 hours waiting to be fertilized. After the sexual intercourse between the partners the motile sperms are then safely stored in the crypts of cervical canal and periodically move to the tube via the uterine cavity to meet with the female egg. The sperm have to be healthy, motile and numerous, although only one will ultimately penetrate the egg and form an embryo with it. The male and female gametes fuse together to form the zygote which is the fertilized egg. This zygote takes about 4 to 5 days to reach back into the uterine cavity and implants itself. This zygote grows and completes its growth over a period of 260 days to become a mature baby. Any one of these sensitive but essential components of fertility can easily be upset by a number of factors.
A glass of alcohol or a cigar may look harmless but the adverse effects that these can bring on your fertility factor are magnanimous. One of the best ways to increase fertility is to maintain a healthy lifestyle, keeping harmful consumptions in moderation or avoiding them altogether. Changing health behaviors and lifestyles may take considerable time, and fertility may not increase immediately. But, by following the right steps, you give yourself a good opportunity to improve reproductive health and increase fertility in the long run.
Reduce stress levels. Not only can stress interfere with your sexual health, high levels of stress can cause changes in hormones that affect sperm production, reducing fertility.